Updated: Nov 22, 2022
🔴Substance - Induced mood disorder, the broad diagnosis that includes opioid-induced depressive disorder, describes the condition that occurs when an individual experiences persistent depressive symptoms following the dosage reduction or withdrawal of a substance, like an opioid medication. This disorder can occur after both prescription and illicit drug usage. While it can be challenging to diagnose accurately, it is a serious but treatable mental disorder that can cause significant distress and impairment
Emotional disturbances that are inconsistent with the individual’s behavior prior to the substance withdrawal
🔴Treatment of Substance-Induced Mood Disorder
Treating substance-induced mood disorders requires a multi-faceted approach. For many people with substance-induced mood disorders, combining psychotherapy and drug counseling has been more effective than just one or the other. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and motivational interviewing, or Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET), are both prudent treatment options for this condition.
Like all other mood disorders, communication and support are critical for effective treatment and recovery. Over 50% of opioid prescriptions are given to individuals with pre-existing depression and other mood disorders. All patients receiving opioid therapy should be educated on the medication’s risks and carefully monitored during and after treatment. Those suffering from substance-induced depressive disorder are at risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, so maintaining open communication lines is essential to help mitigate this risk.
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