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Attachment Theory

Updated: Nov 22, 2022

It is a psychological, evolutionary theory concerning relationship between humans. The most important tenet is that young children need to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for normal social and emotional development.

There are four phases of attachment during infancy - pre attachment phase, attachment-in-making phase, clear -cut- attachment phase, and formations of reciprocal relationship phase.

There are four main adult attachment styles - Secure, Anxious Ambivalent, Avoidant, Disorganised. These styles are developed in the childhood of a person. That reflects in his adulthood life.

Following are some characteristics of attachment styles:-

1) Secure - individual with this style doesn't often worry about relationships, feel happy in a relationship or secure without one, able to have their own identity and not get lost in relationships.

2) Anxious Ambivalent - individual have fear of abandonment or rejection. Constantly worrying about the relationship, often needs reassurance and emotionally dysregulated.

3) Avoidant - individuals here feel loss and become self-reliant as a coping mechanism. Feels distant and aloof in relationships.

4) Disorganised - Experience unsafe relationships where emotionally neglected or abused, feeling always fearful, erratic behaviour, and emotionally dysregulated. They don't understand what is decided.

Hence, this attachment theory style explains us that humans are born with a need to form a close emotional bond with their close ones or partner, friends, and family as well. Whatever we are today is the result of our childhood experiences and thus it has developed our attachment relationship.

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